With all the electronic gizmos we have at disposal we must never forget that our brain never has dead batteries or is left at home. It pays to store these rules on the old internal hard drive... our brain.
The sunny 16 rule
The basic exposure for a scene taken in bright, sunny light is f16 and a shutter speed equal to 1/ISO setting. For example f16@ 1/100th at ISO 100.
The moony rule
My favorite formula is: f11@ 1/ISO setting for a full moon, same shutter speed at f8 for a half moon and the same shutter speed at f5.6 for a quarter moon.
Camera shake rule
Never shoot hand-held at a shutter speed slower than 1/focal length or 1/100 for a 100mm etc... The exception are the IS/VR lenses.
Always meter from a gray card rule
Metering a gray card is a excellent way to get a good mid-tone exposure. What do you do if you don't have one? Expose the palm of your hand and open up one stop.
When shooting for maximum DOF focus, shoot about 1/3 into the photo, This is because the DOF is twice as deep behind this point as in front.
The advice "expose for the highlights and let the shadows take care of themselves" is fine for slide film and digital but for print film you are better off overexposing one stop.
Flash fill rule
If your flash does not provide flash fill ratios you can manually do it. Set the flash ISO to twice the camera's ISO. Meter the scene, select the f-stop and set the flash to the same. This will result in a 2:1 ratio.
Flash range rule
How far will my flash reach? Double the distance, four times the speed. If a flash is good for 20 feet @ ISO 100 it will be good for 40 feet @ ISO 400.
Meter the area ABOVE the sun without including the sun. Set 1 F-Stop down to make the sunset look later or set the exposure compensation to -1.
The always rule
Always have your camera with you and be ready... for you just never know what will appear in front of your eyes.
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My Outdoor Eyes Photography Blog|
Love The Buffleheads At Rock Harbor On Cape Cod!
I love watching the black and white Buffleheads as they swim about and dive for food at Rock Harbor during the winter months. They get pretty spooked when you get near them and tend to fly away. (Click on blog link to see other photos.) But if you stand up on the dock at Rock … Continue reading Love The Buffleheads At Rock Harbor On Cape Cod!
Kayaking Fisherman At Nickerson State Park On Cape Cod.
We watched this fisherman launch his kayak at Cliff Pond the other day. I thought, perhaps, it might be an interesting photograph. (Click on blog link for full photo.) I waited until he was a ways from shore and took some photographs. I loved this one with the beautiful puffy clouds in the background. What … Continue reading Kayaking Fisherman At Nickerson State Park On Cape Cod.
Gorgeous Views Of Rock Harbor On Cape Cod.
Rock Harbor is almost iconic with its unique views of Cape Cod Bay and the very distinct channel markers that mark the channel going into Rock Harbor that look like trees growing in the water. The channel markers have not been taken out yet this year… maybe because it has not been cold enough so … Continue reading Gorgeous Views Of Rock Harbor On Cape Cod.